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Gum disease affects approximately half of the adult population in the United States. The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, and the second stage is called periodontitis. The sooner gum disease is detected and treated, the better off you will be, since it can lead to tooth loss, loss in your jawbone and other health issues if it is not addressed.

Signs of gum disease include redness, swelling , bleeding, sensitivity, and even bad breath. While gum disease can have a number of different causes, the most common cause is a buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth.

One simple way that your dentist can combat gingivitis is through a process called scaling and root planing. It is a simple procedure, but it may take two appointments and a local anesthetic may be needed. In scaling, the dentist will use an instrument to remove the plaque and tartar from the surface of your teeth, and below the gumline. Some dental offices use ultrasonic equipment to remove the plaque. With root planing, the dentist will smooth out the roots of the tooth so that they can re-attach themselves to the jawbone.

If you have noticed that your gums are red, swollen, tender, or that they bleed when you brush or floss, you should plan a visit with our dentist, Dr. Joseph Ruzzo . If you live in the McLean, Virginia. Area, you can make an appointment at Dental Group of Tysons by calling 703-448-3312. We look forward to helping you have a healthy smile!